segunda-feira, janeiro 18, 2010
Estenose aórtica acentuada vai mal mesmo assintomática.
Natural History of Very Severe Aortic Stenosis
Methods and Results— We prospectively followed 116 consecutive asymptomatic patients (57 women; age, 67±16 years) with very severe isolated aortic stenosis defined by a peak aortic jet velocity (AV-Vel) ≥5.0 m/s (average AV-Vel, 5.37±0.35 m/s; valve area, 0.63±0.12 cm2)
During a median follow-up of 41 months (interquartile range, 26 to 63 months), 96 events occurred (indication for aortic valve replacement, 90; cardiac deaths, 6). Event-free survival was 64%, 36%, 25%, 12%, and 3% at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 years, respectively. AV-Vel but not aortic valve area was shown to independently affect event-free survival. Patients with an AV-Vel ≥5.5 m/s had an event-free survival of 44%, 25%, 11%, and 4% at 1, 2, 3, and 4 years, respectively, compared with 76%, 43%, 33%, and 17% for patients with an AV-Vel between 5.0 and 5.5 m/s (P<0.0001). Six cardiac deaths occurred in previously asymptomatic patients (sudden death, 1; congestive heart failure, 4; myocardial infarction, 1). Patients with an initial AV-Vel ≥5.5 m/s had a higher likelihood (52%) of severe symptom onset (New York Heart Association or Canadian Cardiovascular Society class >II) than those with an AV-Vel between 5.0 and 5.5 m/s (27%; P=0.03).
Conclusions— Despite being asymptomatic, patients with very severe aortic stenosis have a poor prognosis with a high event rate and a risk of rapid functional deterioration. Early elective valve replacement surgery should therefore be considered in these patient
Uma velocidade acima de 5m/s sugere uma pressão intraventricular de 220 mmhg para uma sistólica de 120 mmhg.
É muita pressão a ser gerada por um músculo cardíaco a cada batimento.
Normalmente o ecocardiograma não indica cirurgia isoladamente, mas nesse caso parece haver justificativa.