quarta-feira, maio 18, 2011
É de pequenino que se torce o pepino
Influence of Age on Associations Between Childhood Risk Factors and Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Adulthood
Methods and Results— We used data for 4380 members of 4 prospective cohorts—Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (Finland), Childhood Determinants of Adult Health study (Australia), Bogalusa Heart Study (United States), and Muscatine Study (United States)—that have collected cardiovascular risk factor data from childhood (age 3 to 18 years) and performed intima-media thickness measurements in adulthood (age 20 to 45 years). The number of childhood risk factors (high [highest quintile] total cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure, and body mass index) was predictive of elevated intima-media thickness (highest decile) on the basis of risk factors measured at age 9 years (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] 1.37 [1.16 to 1.61], P=0.0003), 12 years (1.48 [1.28 to 1.72], P<0.0001), 15 years (1.56 [1.36 to 1.78], P<0.0001), and 18 years (1.57 [1.31 to 1.87], P<0.0001). The associations with risk factors measured at age 3 years (1.17 [0.80 to 1.71], P=0.42) and 6 years (1.20 [0.96 to 1.51], P=0.13) were weaker and nonsignificant. Conclusions— Our analyses from 4 longitudinal cohorts showed that the strength of the associations between childhood risk factors and carotid intima-media thickness is dependent on childhood age. On the basis of these data, risk factor measurements obtained at or after 9 years of age are predictive of subclinical atherosclerosis in adulthood. . A espessura da Carótida é um marcador poderoso de eventos cardiovasculares e pode ser feito em crianças sem riscos e de forma seriada.
Esse marcador de baixo custo mostra a importância dos fatores de risco na Aterosclerose desde os 9 anos de idade.