Feasibility, Accuracy, and Reproducibility of Real-Time Full-Volume 3D Transthoracic Echocardiography to Measure LV Volumes and Systolic Function
Results: Ninety-one patients (67 in normal sinus rhythm [NSR], 24 in AF) were included. Among all NSR patients, there was excellent correlation between RT-VTTE and CMR for end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), and EF (r = 0.90, 0.96, and 0.98, respectively; p < 0.001). In patients with EF 50% (n = 36), EDV and ESV were underestimated by 10.7 ± 17.5 ml (p = 0.001) and by 4.1 ± 6.1 ml (p < 0.001), respectively. In those with EF <50% (n = 31), EDV and ESV were underestimated by 25.7 ± 32.7 ml (p < 0.001) and by 16.2 ± 24.0 ml (p = 0.001). Automated contour correction to track the compacted myocardium eliminated mean volume differences between RT-VTTE and CMR. In patients with AF, LV volumes and EF were accurate by RT-VTTE (r = 0.94, 0.94, and 0.91 for EDV, ESV, and EF, respectively; p < 0.001). Automated 3D LV volumes and EF were highly reproducible.
Conclusions: Rapid, accurate, and reproducible EF can be obtained by RT-VTTE in NSR and AF patients by using an automated trabecular edge contouring algorithm. Furthermore, automated contour correction to detect the compacted myocardium yields accurate and reproducible 3D LV volumes.
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